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FXUS63 KARX 190855
AFDARX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service La Crosse WI
355 AM CDT Thu Sep 19 2019

.UPDATE...
Issued at 355 AM CDT Thu Sep 19 2019

Based on radar trends, expanded the Flash Flood Watch to include
Houston, Fillmore, and Mower counties in southeast MN. Storms have
been focused along the MN/IA border with rainfall estimates of
1-2"/hr via MRMS. Rainfall totals will add up quickly where storms
train over the same areas.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Friday)
Issued at 302 AM CDT Thu Sep 19 2019

Heavy rains remain the main concern, especially through this
morning.

Anomalously high precipitable water values up to around 1.75 inches
will remain in place with persistent low-level southerly flow
associated with expansive mid-level ridging ahead of a western US
trough. Early this morning, expect some uptick in elevated
showers/storms per high res model consensus in proximity to the
low-level boundary as a weak shortwave trough approaches. The high
pwats, plentiful elevated instability, and deep warm cloud layer
will support high rainfall rates. A heightened flood risk will
exist in northeast IA/southwest WI from heavy rainfall due to the
wet antecedent conditions. No changes are planned to the Flash
Flood Watch at this time, although will have to monitor trends
over the next few hours. With steep mid-level lapse rates,
stronger updrafts may produce some hail for a time early today. As
the weak wave/possible MCV passes east and convective overturning
reduces the elevated instability, expect a gradual decrease in
showers/storms through the morning. In this pattern, though,
couldn't rule out a few showers/storms through the day, though.

Potential for showers or storms will continue tonight into Friday
in the vicinity of a low-level boundary that will begin to
retreat slowly north as a warm front. Confidence is fairly low on
the evolution of convection tonight with weak forcing underneath
the mid-level ridge, but the elevated instability axis is forecast
to extend from the Dakotas southeast through IA/southern MN and
southwest WI. The push of moisture transport looks to be mainly
west of the MS River tonight, with CAMs favoring the western half
of the area for highest rain chances. The environment will remain
favorable for heavy rainfall with any storms, although coverage of
storms looks lower tonight. Low stratus/fog is possible overnight
tonight into Friday outside of rainfall given the very weak flow.
A warm, humid airmass will persist, with highs in the mid 70s to
mid 80s through Friday.

.LONG TERM...(Friday night through Wednesday)
Issued at 302 AM CDT Thu Sep 19 2019

The western trough will eject across the northern plains into the
upper Great Lakes Saturday into Sunday. Strong northward mass
response/moisture transport ahead of the trough will maintain very
high pwats ahead of the associated cold front with continued chances
for storms. Still expect locally heavy rain to be a threat given
the very moist background environment. Deep layer winds do finally
begin to increase as the upper trough approaches, so at least a
low-end severe weather threat could develop on Saturday
afternoon/evening, depending on how much instability can be
realized. With the strong moisture feed into the area, low clouds
may hinder surface-based destabilization. 0-3 km shear looks to be
mostly in the 25-35 kt range with higher 0-6 km shear along or
lagging the front, so not expecting a widespread strong/severe
event.

A pattern shift will occur late in the weekend into next week as a
drier airmass works into the area behind the cold front along with
more seasonable temps. Some showers/storms may linger into Sunday
across northeast IA/southwest WI before exiting south and east
with a few showers possible through the afternoon as the mid-
level trough swings through. Into early next week, surface high
pressure should provide a few dry days with a split upper flow
pattern dominated by a stronger quasi-zonal northern stream
branch over the area.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Thursday night)
Issued at 1057 PM CDT Wed Sep 18 2019

A front stretching from south-central MN into northwest WI will
slowly sag through the area overnight, becoming the focus for
showers and thunderstorms. Models have trended to a later onset
for the bulk of the activity, now suggesting storms may not get
going in earnest until after 08Z. Activity would then continue
into Thursday morning, but mostly clearing the TAF sites by around
14Z. Still expect conditions within thunderstorms to deteriorate
to MVFR and perhaps IFR as locally heavy rainfall will be likely.
Isolated showers and perhaps a storm or two will be possible
during the day Thursday. Lingering abundant moisture in the low
levels is expected to translate into MVFR to IFR ceilings through
much of the day on Thursday, though confidence remains fairly low
in how long this would persist and how low ceilings would drop.
Current expectation is for ceilings to rise slightly through the
day, becoming high-end MVFR by evening.


&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Issued at 302 AM CDT Thu Sep 19 2019

A Flash Flood Watch remains in effect for northeast IA/southwest
WI/far southeast MN this morning. High rainfall rates with storms
this morning will pose a flash flood risk with rises possible on
some rivers. In addition, this area is susceptible to flooding
given the antecedent wet conditions. Additional locally heavy
rainfall is possible into the start of the weekend, especially
Saturday/Saturday evening.

&&

.ARX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...Flash Flood Watch until noon CDT today for WIZ053>055-061.

MN...Flash Flood Watch until noon CDT today for MNZ094>096.

IA...Flash Flood Watch until noon CDT today for IAZ008>011-018-019-
029-030.

&&

$$

UPDATE...JM
SHORT TERM...JM
LONG TERM...JM
AVIATION...Kurz
HYDROLOGY...JM
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