FXUS63 KDMX 252024

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
324 PM CDT Fri May 25 2018

.DISCUSSION.../Tonight through Friday/
Issued at 319 PM CDT Fri May 25 2018

Severe weather potential and unseasonable hot weather were the
main forecast concerns through the weekend. No major changes to
the ongoing maximum temperature forecast for Saturday and Sunday
as they remain on track for near or record highs for both days.

Storms already developing over south-central Minnesota and slowly
tracking east-southeast. Tremendous instability present across
northern Iowa where SBCAPE and MUCAPE topping out around 4000
J/kg. The effective shear has increased through the day to around
20-25 knots, but with minimal 0-1km bulk shear and helicity (at
any level), low tornado threat this afternoon and tonight.
Elevated supercells as LCLs range from 1500-2000 feet but do look
to persist until the sun sets. Storm motion projects the current
storm in Freeborn County Minnesota may clip the far northeast
portions of the CWA through around 5 PM or so. Further west,
latest IR satellite trends suggest an updraft developing north of
Estherville with the cloud tops cooling to near -30C as of 2022z.

With the high instability and low shear present, expecting main
threat of large hail. However, with the DCAPE around 1000 J/kg
and the microburst composite parameter around 2-3 which suggest a
slight chance of a microburst (per SPC Mesoanalysis) occurring
over the northeast corner of the forecast area. The majority of
the hires models are not handling the current convection too well.
A few members of the HREF, such as the NSSL and ARW WRF might be
doing the best with the trends. Regardless, have pops ending
fairly quickly this evening past 03z with a few lingering storms
possible across the east prior to 06z.

Saturday through Friday...heat looks to persist for several days
with the large upper level ridge remaining in control of the
weather pattern. Records look possible Saturday through Monday
with most standing records in the lower to middle 90s for the
26-28 of May. The GFS and ECMWF suggest a shortwave trough to push
into the region by Tuesday into Wednesday and are somewhat in
good agreement with timing. GFS is slightly stronger, but still
have low confidence with any severe weather potential as the
timing looks to be an overnight event.


.AVIATION.../For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Saturday afternoon/
Issued at 1228 PM CDT Fri May 25 2018

VFR conditions expected throughout the TAF period. There remains a
small chance for storms later this afternoon into the evening, but
low confidence with timing and location as they appear to be
isolated. Left out mention except at ALO where there's a bit more
confidence to keep VCTS.





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