FXUS61 KOKX 200005

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service New York NY
805 PM EDT Sun May 19 2019

A cold front over the Midwest will track east and pass through
the area Monday evening. Ahead of the front, a series of pre-
frontal troughs will work across the area, one tonight, and
another Monday afternoon. High pressure will return for the
middle of next week. A quick moving frontal system will likely
affect the region Thursday Night, with a series of subsequent
weak frontal systems possible into the weekend.


Main focus will be on development of convection this evening
across a pre-frontal trough over central PA. This activity will
track to the north and east in a moderately unstable, weakly
sheared environment. In addition, a coastal low-level jet
remains in place through the night from the NYC metro and points
east. So the question is how much of what develop to the west
maintains itself as it work into the forecast area later this
evening. A strong gradient between the maritime airmass, mainly
east of the Lower Hudson Valley, will likely weaken the
convection, in addition to the loss of daytime heating.
Additionally, there is no real strong forcing mechanism aloft,
while gradually falling heights will maintain steep mid- level
lapse rates. Much of the convection will become elevated as it
works into western portions of the Lower Hudson Valley late this
evening and then continues to weaken as it overspreads coastal
areas, mainly after midnight. The latter of which may be
sustained by a low-level jet. However, some of the HiRes
solutions don't even allow for progression to the coast.

The severe threat is low. Still though, cannot rule out some
gusty winds early across western portions of the Lower Hudson
Valley and northern NJ. As for rainfall, storms will be
progressive, so nothing more than minor nuisance flooding
should be expected.

Showers dissipate across far eastern area by daybreak.

Number two concern will be the warm, moist air, traversing the
cooler near shore waters. Widespread low clouds and fog are
likely to develop across Long Island and coastal Connecticut.
Winds and convection may provide enough mixing to inhibit dense
fog formation, with the possible exception of the immediate

Lows will be the 60s with similar dew points, thus making for a
humid night.


Second day of convection will likely be triggered by another
pre-frontal trough during the afternoon and early evening
hours. Convection looks to be scattered in nature. Cold front
comes through in the evening likely dry. Another day of moderate
instability and weak shear. Severe weather threat will remain

Highs will top out in the upper 60s to mid 70s along the coast,
with the 80s across the interior. This still well above normal,
but not record warmth.

Gusty SW winds in the afternoon may reach up to 30 mph,
especially near the coast.


Pseudo omega blocking pattern for mid week as a vigorous closed low
slides across northern New England and then the Canadian Maritimes
Tue into Wed, while a large closed low develops over the Western US.
Pieces of energy shear off the fairly stationary western upper low
for late week into weekend, while ridging builds across SE US into
Ohio Valley and a Hudson's Bay upper low remains stationary.

In between these features, the region will be on periphery of active
upper flow, with several weak shortwaves (pieces of western low)
moving through the flow.

Breezy and dry conditions expected Tue/Wed as Canadian high pressure
builds in. A seasonable mild Canadian continental airmass works in
Tue/Tue Night in wake of a departing low and ahead of high pressure
building in.

A weakening shortwave/warm front may approach Wed Night into Thu
morning but little sensible weather impacts. Better agreement on a
stronger feature diving into the NE US Thursday Night, with
potential for showers. Model spread increases heading into the
weekend into early next week on timing of subsequent
shortwave/frontal systems riding around the ridge, but overall
appear to be a progressive pattern overhead.

Temperatures will be near seasonable during the day Tue and Wed with
Canadian continental airmass, although temps Tue and Wed Night could
be unseasonably chilly in outlying areas, well down in the 40s.
Otherwise temps should gradually moderate to above seasonable levels
by late weekend.


A warm front moves across the area terminals tonight. Followed
by a cold front Monday night.

VFR Conditions across the NYC terminals and points west to
start. East of NYC, low stratus has resulted in MVFR conditions.
Conditions are expected to deteriorate further tonight to MVFR
then to IFR overnight, with a low chance of LIFR conditions
across the coastal terminals (KJFK, KISP, KBDR, KGON).

Showers and scattered thunderstorms expected after 02z (except
at KSWF, where conditions could start as early as 00z) this
evening, with greatest chances across locations north and west
of NYC terminals

Some fog may develop after midnight, mainly at the coastal
terminals. Unsure how dense any fog will get at this time. Any
fog that develops could linger into early Monday morning.

Winds SE-S will continue to gust through the early evening around 20
kt on average. Some LLWS is forecast east of city terminals tonight
with SW flow of around 40-45 kt at 2kft. We should lose the
gusts overnight, however gusts are expected to develop once
again on Monday. Expect a S-SW flow on Monday with speeds
10-15kt with gusts 20-25kt.

.Monday night-Tuesday...A chance of MVFR/IFR in showers and
thunderstorms east of NYC terminals Monday evening. Otherwise,
becoming VFR. Gusts subside Monday night. NW gusts near 25-30 kt
Tuesday. Gusts subside Tuesday night.
.Wednesday...MVFR possible. A slight chance of showers Wednesday
.Thursday...MVFR possible late Thursday and Thursday night. A slight
chance of showers and thunderstorms.


Conditions mainly on the ocean will be meeting minimal SCA
thresholds tonight with continued southerly winds of 15-20 kt
with gusts up to around 25 kt. This will keep elevated seas on
the ocean. The SCA ends at 22Z Monday but may need to get
extended with subsequent forecasts.

Winds subside briefly Monday evening, but then may come back up
to marginal SCA gusts in the NW flow for the second half of the

SCA conditions possible all waters, mainly for gusts Tuesday into
Tuesday Night. Winds expected to gradually weaken Wed, with sub SCA
conditions likely for late week in weak flow regime.


Widespread hydrologic impacts are not expected through next


Tides continue to run astronomically high due to a full moon.
There is a low probability for localized minor coastal flooding
for western portions of the south shore bays of Long Island and
southwest CT shorelines during this evenings high tides.


NYC NOAA Weather Radio Station KWO35 (162.55 MHz) remains off
the air.


MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT Monday for ANZ353-355.
Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT Monday for ANZ350.


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